Spaying (ovario-hysterectomy) is the surgical removal of the reproductive organs of the female animal.
Neutering (castration) is the surgical removal of the reproductive glands of the male animal. Females and males should be spayed or neutered by 6 months of age. Some clinics perform surgery on animals as young as 8 weeks of age.
Spayed animals no longer feel the need to roam to look for a mate. The result is that they stay home and have less chance of being involved in traumatic accidents such as being hit by a car. They also have a much lower incidence of contracting contagious diseases, and get into fewer fights.
Neutering males decreases the chances of developing prostate disease and hernias, and eliminates the chances of developing testicular cancer. It also reduces problems with territorial and sexual aggression, inappropriate urination (spraying) and other undesirable male behaviours.
Spaying females decreases the incidence of breast cancer, especially
if the spaying is done before the first heat cycle. It also eliminates
the chance of developing pyometra (a serious and potentially fatal infection
of the uterus). Spay surgery also eliminates the heat cycle and the nuisance
of finding all available males in your yard.
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